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~ "Just A Few Techie Definitions" ~ Section 'B' (985 hits)


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~ "Just A Few Techie Definitions" ~ Section 'B'
By
Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.
http://hbcu.com/content/339904/just-a-few-techie-definitions-section-b
http://hbcu.com/cgi-bin/blog.cgi?id=641608



Ya’ateeh, Y'Ho, Shalom Alaikum, As Salaam Alaikum, Hotep, Hola, Konichiwa, Privyet, Hallo, Ni Hao, Anyoung Haseyo - Hello Family!

With the realization of how long/big the 'Academia Posting' of "Terminus*Infinitus," the series "Just A Few Techie Definitions" will continue in its planned alphabetical offerings from 'B to Z.' Many students also do not have "The One Thing I Know Is..." 'How To Understand Information Technology' as not being required reading and/or the inability to acquire the paperback book, these postings will be of great necessity...it is a pleasure to be able to provide this "Free Education and Self-Help" academic assistance.

Peace and Love,

"G"

>

"It is my commitment, my profound propensity to indefatigably inscribe throughout the annals of time and in the name of education, and Information, my contribution(s) to the practice of "Free Education and Self-Help" Publication(s) For One And All - Across The Globe And Beyond!"
~BoulwareEnterprises/Publications~

Presenting...

***
"Terminus*Infinitus"

“TheOneThingIKnow Is…”
GregoryV.Boulware, Esq.ASB/CS-CP
#BoulwareBooks #Education #Information #SelfHelp

"Terminus*Infinitus": Beyond A to Z
By
Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.
https://www.academia.edu/38065862/_Terminus_Infinitus_Beyond_A_to_Z
https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1502581159/ref=dbs_a_def_rwt_hsch_vapi_taft_p1_i3

SECTION 'B':

Backplane: (bak´plan) (n.)

A circuit board containing sockets into which other circuit boards can be plugged in. In the context of PCs, the term backplane refers to the large circuitboard that contains sockets for expansion cards.
Backplanes are often described as being either active or passive. Active backplanes contain, in addition to the sockets, logical circuitry that performs computing functions. In contrast, passive backplanes contain almost no computing circuitry. Traditionally, most PCs have used active backplanes. Indeed, the terms motherboard and backplane have been synonymous. Recently, though, there has been a move towardpassive backplanes, with the active components such as the CPU inserted on an additional card. Passive backplanesmakeiteasiertorepairfaultycomponentsandtoupgradetonewcomponents.

Bandwidth:

(1)Arange with in a band of frequencies or wavelengths.

(2)The amount of data that can be transmitted in a fixed amount of time. Fordigitaldevices, the bandwidth is usually expressed in bits per second (bps)or bytes per second. For analog devices, the bandwidth is expressed in cycles per second, or Hertz (Hz).
The bandwidth is particularly important for I/O devices. For example, a fast disk drive can be hampered by a bus with a low bandwidth. This is the main reason that new buses, such as AGP, have been developed for the PC.

Bandwidth:

What is bandwidth?

The amount of data that can be transmitted in a fixed amount of time.

BitMap:

A bit map is a collection of pixels that describes an image, in human terms, a complete picture. A bitmap can be of various bit depth and resolution. Basically, a bitmap is an array of pixels.
A representation, consisting of rows and columns of dots, of a graphics image in computer memory. The value of each dot(whether it is filled in or not) is stored in one or more bits of data. For simple monochrome images, one bit is sufficient to represent each dot, but for colors and shades of gray, each dot requires more than one bit of data. The more bits used to represent a dot, the more colors and shades ofgray that can be represented.

The density of the dots, known as the resolution, determines how sharply the image is represented. This is often expressed in dots per inch (dpi) or simply by the number of rows and columns, such as 640 by 480.

To display a bit-mapped image on a monitor or to print it on a printer, the computer translates the bitmap into pixels(for display screens) or ink dots (for printers). Optical scanners and fax machines work by transforming text or pictures on paper into bitmaps.

Bit-mapped graphics are often referred to as rastergraphics. The other method for representing images is known as vector graphics or object-oriented graphics. With vector graphics, images are represented as mathematical formulas that define all the shapes in the image. Vector graphics are more flexible than bit-mapped graphics because they look the same even when you scale them to different sizes. In contrast, bit-mapped graphics become ragged when you shrink or enlarge them.

Fonts represented with vector graphics are called scalable fonts, outline fonts, orvector fonts. The best-known example of a vector font system is Post Script. Bit-mapped fonts, also called raster fonts, must be designed for a specific device and a specific size and resolution.

A representation, consisting of rows and columns of dots, of a graphics image in computer memory. The value of each dot(whether it is filled in or not) is stored in one or more bits of data. For simple monochrome images, one bit is sufficient to represent each dot, butfor colors and shadesof gray, each dot requires more than one bit of data. The more bits used to represent a dot, the more colors and shades of gray that can be represented.

The density of the dots, known as the resolution, determines how sharply the image is represented. This is often expressed in dots per inch (dpi) or simply by the number of rows and columns, such as 640 by 480.

To display a bit-mapped image on a monitor or to print it on a printer, the computer translates the bitmap into pixels(for display screens) or inkdots (for printers). Optical scanners and fax machines work by transforming text or pictures on paper in to bitmaps.

Bit-mapped graphics are often referred to as raster graphics.The other method for representing images is known as vector graphics or object-oriented graphics. With vector graphics, images are represented as mathematical formulas that define all the shapes in the image. Vector graphics are more flexible than bit-mapped graphics because they look the same even when you scale them to different sizes. Incontrast,bit-mapped graphics become ragged when you shrink or enlarge them.

Fonts represented with vector graphics are called scalable fonts, outline fonts, orvector fonts. The best-known example of a vector font system is Post Script. Bit-mappedfonts, also called rasterfonts, must be designed for a specific device and a specific size and resolution.

BOOLEAN: A form of algebra in which all values are reduced to either True or False.
Ex:2<5 (2islessthan5),isBooleanbecausetheresultisTrue.

BPDU:
Acronym for bridge protocol data unit. BPDUs are data messages that are exchanged across the switches within an extended LAN that uses a spanning tree protocol topology. BPDU packets contain information on ports, addresses, priorities and costs and ensure that the data ends up where it was intended to go. BPDU messages are exchanged across bridges to detect loops in a network topology. The loops are then removed by shutting down selected bridge interfaces and placing redundant switch ports in abackup, or blocked, state.
Understanding Spanning Tree Protocol Cisco Systems provides this technically heavy analysis of how spanning tree protocol operates.
BPM: Short for Business Process Management it is a term that describes activities and (or) events which are performed to optimize a business process. These activities are aided by software tools. The set ypes of software tools are also called BPM tools.

Business Intelligence:

Most companies collect a large amount of data from their business operations.

To keep track of that information, a business and would need to use a wide range of software programs, such as Excel, Access and different data base applications for various departments through out their organization. Using multiple software programs makes it difficult to retrieve information in a timely manner and to perform an analysis of the data.

The term Business Intelligence (BI) represents the tools and systems that play a key role in the strategic planning process of the corporation. These systems allow a company to gather, store, access and analyze corporate data to aid in decision-making. Generally these systems will illustrate business intelligence in the areas of customer profiling, customer support, market research, market segmentation, product profitability, statistical analysis, and inventory and distribution analysis to name a few.

Next:

Section 'C'


Til Next Time...


"G"

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Posted By: Gregory Boulware, Esq.
Friday, January 4th 2019 at 2:08PM
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Sunday, January 6th 2019 at 12:54AM
Gregory Boulware, Esq.
/*

***
"Terminus*Infinitus"

“TheOneThingIKnow Is…”
GregoryV.Boulware, Esq.ASB/CS-CP
#BoulwareBooks #Education #Information #SelfHelp

"Terminus*Infinitus": Beyond A to Z
By
Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.
https://www.academia.edu/38065862/_Terminus_Infinitus_Beyond_A_to_Z
https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1502581159/ref=dbs_a_def_rwt_hsch_vapi_taft_p1_i3

*/


Sunday, January 6th 2019 at 1:45AM
Gregory Boulware, Esq.
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